For those who haven’t been following the slow-motion pandimensional clusterfuck that is the Eurozone periphery (e.g., Greece, Spain, Ireland), the fundamental problem is that these countries can’t control their own currencies. In essence, there is a ‘United States of Europe’, but it lacks a federal sovereign that could spend money to reverse the economic downturn. Moreover, Germany, a keystone of the Eurozone, is ideologically committed to austerity and combating inflation at all costs, making the depression in many EU states even worse.
One would think Germany would understand the relevant political history here (boldface mine):
I fear that austerity without end will bring about a return to the unstable populist politics the European Union was designed to prevent. That could shatter the eurozone and, with it, the EU… Responsibility for preventing that outcome rests on Germany, Europe’s central power, in every sense. As Charles Kindleberger argued, in a panic, the creditworthy country has to lend freely if a fixed exchange rate system (or in this case a currency union) is to survive.
It is often forgotten, not least in Germany, that the rise of Adolf Hitler to power was preceded not by the great inflation, which occurred a decade before, but by the great depression and the austerity of Heinrich Brüning, in response. Thus, votes for the Nazi party jumped from a relatively insignificant 810,000 in 1928, to 6.4m in 1930, and 13.7m in July 1932. Deep economic collapses are dangerous.
…Mr Schuknecht, with his emphasis on the long term, completely ignores these dangers. If trying to avoid such a dire outcome is “short-termism”, so be it. I think of it as trying to find a practical exit from the current trap. Without it, the eurozone may never reach the long term.
Meanwhile, outright fascists are not only gaining seats in the Greek Parliament, but the Interior Minister is literally a fascist thug–his nickname is “The Hammer” because he used to beat opposition party members with a hammer.
First they came for the migrant North African workers….